Attic Greek letters & sounds – 5th & 4th c. BC
A new addition to our Biblical Greek series.
An all-in-one grammar book, pronunciation guide, and workbook featuring phonetically transliterated exercises, grammatical aspect, and translational insights. Click on the title for a preview.
8.5″ x 11” spiral-bound, 250 pages
To order Vol. III through AMAZON click HERE
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On the pronunciation of the Koine of the New Testament:
Hellenistic Greek, known also as Κοινή Koine “common (tongue),” is the language in which the New Testament was written. For its pronunciation, a growing number of scholars today advocate the adoption of the Historical Greek Pronunciation (HGP), a term most notably used by Prof. Chrys C. Caragounis. The HGP is a sound system whose origins are traceable to the inscriptional record of pre-classical times, but especially to the Attic Greek of the mid/late 5th century BC, when the old Attic writing began to give way to the more efficient 24-letter Ionic alphabet. Officially ratified in Athens in 403 BC, the use of the Ionic alphabet was to leave an unbroken trail of evidence of the historical sounds of Greek through Hellenistic and Byzantine times down to Neohellenic. The evidence comes in the form, not so much of the official public records, but of the private epigraphical and papyrical records by the less literate citizens whose acoustically-guided spelling led them to substitute one vowel letter for another with the same sound.
More significantly, the spelling errors we see in private classical inscriptions are repeated in the numerous Hellenistic and Byzantine papyrical records as well as in modern writings by the less literate private citizens. This unbroken 2,500-year-old record of misspellings, judged by the same standard—the 24-letter Ionic alphabet—is the strongest evidence we have of the development of the historical sounds of Greek. The record helps us follow the phonemic pronunciation of mainstream Greek that prevailed through the centuries over all other peripheral pronunciations and evolved into what it is today. Neohellenic therefore preserves the still-living historical sounds with a pronunciation that is real, consistent, and euphonic. And as the direct descendant of Κοινή, Neohellenic is naturally close to the pronunciation of the first Greek-speaking Christians.
Here are TWO BOOKS (Vol. I and Vol. II) and TWO VIDEOS designed for the avid learner of Greek who wishes to explore the Historical Greek Pronunciation
A concise yet comprehensive Reference book on the development of the historical Greek sounds with special focus on the inscriptional and papyrical evidence of the Κοινή ‘Koine’ Greek pronunciation. In light of that evidence, the second half of the book explains why Erasmian, rather than the historical Κοινή, is the preferred pronunciation of Greek in most institutions of higher learning outside of Greece, and highlights the severe (and generally unknown) effects that preference has had on Greek learning since the Renaissance. A bonus chapter compares and contrasts the Greek and English phonologies, while the Appendices analyze samples of Attic inscriptions. Click on the title below to view excerpts from the non-technical introductory pages of the book. (VIDEO 1 is based on Vol. I.)“I am glad that you have written this book and I congratulate you. … This should prove an indispensable textbook for seminaries and colleges teaching NT Greek.” —Dr. Chrys C. Caragounis, Professor Emeritus, Lund University, Sweden “Dr. Zachariou’s work adds to the strong evidence supporting the unity of the Greek language, in this instance as it pertains to phonology. … His unveiling of some of the forces at work historically and currently in academia to hold on to Erasmus’ theory should lead to self-evaluation, especially for Bible scholars who are slow to recognize the need for and value of change in relation to this topic.” —Rev. Dr. David S. Hasselbrook, Missoula, Montana. “I Highly recommend Dr. Zachariou’s book, Reading and Pronouncing Biblical Greek. … If you are even mildly interested in the history of the Greek language, read this book.” —Robert E. Smith, La Puente, California
To order Vol. I through AMAZON click HERE
To order Vol. I through PAYPAL, forward $32.00 to NTGreek@att.net (free shipment)
Outside of USA PAYPAL buyers: Please add $16.00 for part of the shipment cost
8.5” x 11” spiral-bound, 132 pages
This Workbook supports the description of the Historical Greek Pronunciation detailed in Vol. I. It can thus serve as a guide to the Neohellenic phonology as well. The Workbook and CD may be used as supplementary material in a college course or self-directed study in reading and pronunciation. It includes written exercises, tests, an answer key, and audiovisual drills and reading passages that are also on the CD. The exercises and sound files will prove helpful to those accustomed to other (non-Greek) methods of pronouncing ‘Koine’. (VIDEO 2 is based on Vol. II.)“Dr. Zachariou’s … acoustically pleasing audio files make this book a valuable learning aid both to the beginning Greek student and to the established scholar who would like to switch from Erasmian pronunciation to an accurate Historical Greek Pronunciation.” —Dr. George Gunn, Shasta Bible College and Graduate School, Redding, California “Your book is helpful and has good exercises. I am very impressed with your very clear and crisp recordings. I really appreciate them.” —Dr. Taylor Williams, Professor of Greek and Hebrew, Texas
To order Vol. II through AMAZON click HERE
To order Vol. II through PAYPAL, forward $27.00 to NTGreek@att.net (free shipment)
Outside of USA PAYPAL buyers: Please add $16.00 for part of the shipment cost
8.5” x 11” spiral-bound, 79 pages, CD 16 files, 1.05 hrs.
Development of the Historical Greek Pronunciation
“This video has the best explanation of spurious diphthongs and why we don’t pronounce iota subscript that I have ever seen. It also does a great job with the historical pronunciation of the rough breather. Then there is the helpful connection between similar types of vowels. … I think this video is very helpful.” —Dr. John Schwandt, Director, Institute of Biblical Greek “Immense gratitude to you … for the marvelously comprehensive and engaging presentation on Greek pronunciation, enhanced by the valuable historic introduction. And excellent photography, typography, technology! I learned SO much from it and shall pass it on to our students.” —Dr. Edith Pennoyer Livermore, Loyola University, Chicago
Alphabet, Sounds, Listening, Reading, Pronunciation
“You have produced a very useful tool for introductory students. It is very clear, detailed, but not to long. Thanks.” —Dr. Bradley McLean, University of Toronto, Canada “[T]his is a very useful video – indeed this is one I can pass on to students. I particularly liked the fact that you read out a passage at the end. All in all, a very useful resource.” —Dr. Chris Tilling, St. Mellitus College, England “I watched [this video] several times to make sure I had it down. I did not like the textbook way of pronouncing, so this was a blessing! I feel like I can read Greek quickly and naturally!” —Alexander Strickland
A Captivating Biography
An eBook by the same authorThe PROSELYTIZER (2011) — From Asia Minor to Crete, Greece. This book is the record of a man’s deeds, thoughts, and motives as he captured them with his pen first, as a refugee teenager, then as a worldly young man, later as a growing Christian, and finally as a minister of the gospel. This gripping account portrays an energetic young man in quest for meaning in life but who, in utter despair, turns suicidal. Miraculously spared from the “claws of Death,” he seeks God and becomes inwardly transformed. Eager to reach his fellow citizens with the message of Christ, he learns unconditional obedience to God as he witnesses divine intervention during business failures, poverty, war, captivity in a German concentration camp, mass execution, hardship, persecution by religious leaders and the authorities, false accusations of proselytizing with gifts and money, and repeated imprisonment for sharing the gospel. A legacy of faithful Christian service, this true story will touch you, encourage you, and uplift you. Foreword by Everett Stenhouse and Glen D. Cole. Sample customer review “…This story begins with tragedy and yet is incredibly inspirational from start to finish. I will treasure this book … as one of the best books I have ever read. This book clearly shows the Holy Spirit’s powerful work in an ordinary man’s life by making his life extraordinary.” —Michael Isham
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20 chapters, 290 pagesBook excerpts:
Contact the author at: NTGreek@att.net